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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/5300

Title: 3D multiresolution statistical approaches for accelerated medical image and volume segmentation
Authors: Alzubi, S
Advisors: Abbod, MF
Balachandran, W
Keywords: Medical imaging
Segmentation
Image processing
Multiresolution analysis
Cancer detection
Publication Date: 2011
Publisher: Brunel University School of Engineering and Design PhD Theses
Abstract: Medical volume segmentation got the attraction of many researchers; therefore, many techniques have been implemented in terms of medical imaging including segmentations and other imaging processes. This research focuses on an implementation of segmentation system which uses several techniques together or on their own to segment medical volumes, the system takes a stack of 2D slices or a full 3D volumes acquired from medical scanners as a data input. Two main approaches have been implemented in this research for segmenting medical volume which are multi-resolution analysis and statistical modeling. Multi-resolution analysis has been mainly employed in this research for extracting the features. Higher dimensions of discontinuity (line or curve singularity) have been extracted in medical images using a modified multi-resolution analysis transforms such as ridgelet and curvelet transforms. The second implemented approach in this thesis is the use of statistical modeling in medical image segmentation; Hidden Markov models have been enhanced here to segment medical slices automatically, accurately, reliably and with lossless results. But the problem with using Markov models here is the computational time which is too long. This has been addressed by using feature reduction techniques which has also been implemented in this thesis. Some feature reduction and dimensionality reduction techniques have been used to accelerate the slowest block in the proposed system. This includes Principle Components Analysis, Gaussian Pyramids and other methods. The feature reduction techniques have been employed efficiently with the 3D volume segmentation techniques such as 3D wavelet and 3D Hidden Markov models. The system has been tested and validated using several procedures starting at a comparison with the predefined results, crossing the specialists’ validations, and ending by validating the system using a survey filled by the end users explaining the techniques and the results. This concludes that Markovian models segmentation results has overcome all other techniques in most patients’ cases. Curvelet transform has been also proved promising segmentation results; the end users rate it better than Markovian models due to the long time required with Hidden Markov models.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University.
URI: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/5300
Appears in Collections:Brunel University Theses
Electronic and Computer Engineering
Dept of Electronic and Computer Engineering Thesis

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