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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/6829

Title: Expertise and attunement to kinematic constraints
Authors: Abernethy, B
Zawi, K
Jackson, RC
Publication Date: 2008
Publisher: Pion
Citation: Perception, 37(6): 931 - 948, Jun 2008
Abstract: Three experiments were undertaken to ascertain the extent to which expertise in natural anticipatory tasks is characterised by superior attunement to the biomechanical (kinematic) constraints of the movement pattern being observed. Twelve world-class and twelve non-expert badminton players were required to predict the depth of an opponent’s stroke from either video displays or point-light displays of the opposing player’s hitting action. The information available within the displays was manipulated through temporal and/or spatial occlusion. Consistent with predictions that can be derived from the constraint-attunement hypothesis (Vicente and Wang, 1998 Psychological Review 105 33 – 57), experts showed: (i) an unchanged pattern of information pick-up when the display was reduced from video to point-light and only kinematic information was available; (ii) superior information pick-up from kinematic features that non-experts could use; and (iii) attunement to early kinematic information from the lower body to which non-experts were not sensitive. Consistent with predictions that can be derived from a common-coding perspective (Prinz, 1997 European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 9 129 – 154), the anticipation of stroke depth was facilitated more for experts than non-experts when the perceptual display provided linked segment information reminiscent of the cross-segmental torque transfers that occur during expert movement production.
Description: Copyright @ 2008 Pion - The official published version can be accessed from the link below.
URI: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/6829
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/p5340
ISSN: 0301-0066
Appears in Collections:School of Sport and Education Research Papers
Sport
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