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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/1338

Title: The Roles of recognition processes and look-ahead search in time-constrained expert problem solving: Evidence from grandmaster level chess.
Authors: Gobet, F
Simon, H A
Keywords: Chess
problem solving
decision making
simultaneous chess
Kasparov
knowledge
search
look ahead
skill
expertise
chunking
pattern recognition
Publication Date: 1996
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Citation: Gobet, F. & Simon, H. A. (1996). The Roles of recognition processes and look-ahead search in time-constrained expert problem solving: Evidence from grandmaster level chess. Psychological Science, 7, 52-55. (The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com)
Abstract: Chess has long served as an important standard task environment for research on human memory and problem-solving abilities and processes. In this paper, we report evidence on the relative importance of recognition processes and planning (look-ahead) processes in very high level expert performance in chess. The data show that the rated skill of a top-level grandmaster is only slightly lower when he is playing simultaneously against a half dozen grandmaster opponents than under tournament conditions that allow much more time for each move. As simultaneous play allows little time for look-ahead processes, the data indicate that recognition, based on superior chess knowledge, plays a much larger part in high-level skill in this task than does planning by looking ahead.
URI: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/1338
Appears in Collections:Psychology
Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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