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Title: Linear Gaussian Affine Term Structure Models with Unobservable Factors: Calibration and Yield Forecasting
Authors: Date, P
Wang, I C
Keywords: finance
time series
Publication Date: 2008
Abstract: This paper provides a significant numerical evidence for out-of-sample forecasting ability of linear Gaussian interest rate models with unobservable underlying factors. We calibrate one, two and three factor linear Gaussian models using the Kalman filter on two different bond yield data sets and compare their out-of-sample forecasting performance. One step ahead as well as four step ahead out-of-sample forecasts are analyzed based on the weekly data. When evaluating the one step ahead forecasts, it is shown that a one factor model may be adequate when only the short-dated or only the long-dated yields are considered, but two and three factor models performs significantly better when the entire yield spectrum is considered. Furthermore, the results demonstrate that the predictive ability of multi-factor models remains intact far ahead out-of-sample, with accurate predictions available up to one year after the last calibration for one data set and up to three months after the last calibration for the second, more volatile data set. The experimental data denotes two different periods with different yield volatilities, and the stability of model parameters after calibration in both the cases is deemed to be both significant and practically useful. When it comes to four step ahead predictions, the quality of forecasts deteriorates for all models, as can be expected, but the advantage of using a multi-factor model as compared to a one factor model is still significant. In addition to the empirical study above, we also suggest a nonlinear filter based on linear programming for improving the term structure matching at a given point in time. This method, when used in place of a Kalman filter update, improves the term structure fit significantly with a minimal added computational overhead. The improvement achieved with the proposed method is illustrated for out-of-sample data for both the data sets. This method can be used to model a parameterized yield curve consistently with the underlying short rate dynamics.
Appears in Collections:Mathematical Science
Dept of Mathematics Research Papers

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