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Title: Temporal variations in English Populations of a forest insect pest, the green spruce aphid (Elatobium abietinum), associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation and global warming
Authors: Westgarth-Smith, AR
Leroy, SAG
Collins, PEF
Harrington, R
Keywords: Elatobium abietinum
North Atlantic oscillation
Global warming
Sitka spruce
Rothamsted insect survey
Publication Date: 2007
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Quaternary International. 173-174: 153-160
Abstract: Based on an exceptionally long modern ecological dataset (41 years), it has been possible to show that warm weather in England associated with a positive North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index causes the spring migration of the green spruce aphid (Elatobium abietinum), a pest species of spruce trees (Picea) to start earlier, continue for longer and contain more aphids. An upward trend in the NAO index during the period 1966-2006 is associated with an increasing population size of E. abietinum. It is important to understand the mechanisms behind the population fluctuations, because this aphid causes considerable damage to Picea plantations. Present day weather associated fluctuations in forest insect pests may be useful analogues in understanding past pest outbreaks in forests.
Appears in Collections:Institute for the Environment Research Papers

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