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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/2904

Title: Expertise and intuition: A tale of three theories
Authors: Gobet, F
Chassy, P
Keywords: Intuition
expertise
Hubert Dreyfus
Herbert Simon
template theory
CHREST
chess
emotions
eye movements
pattern recogntion
problem solving
holism
analytic
abstract
concrete
chunk
automatism
Publication Date: 2008
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Minds and Machines (in press).
Abstract: Several authors have hailed intuition as one of the defining features of expertise. In particular, while disagreeing on almost anything that touches on human cognition and artificial intelligence, Hubert Dreyfus and Herbert Simon agreed on this point. However, the highly influential theories of intuition they proposed differed in major ways, especially with respect to the role given to search and as to whether intuition is holistic or analytic. Both theories suffer from empirical weaknesses. In this paper, we show how, with some additions, a recent theory of expert memory (the template theory) offers a coherent and wide-ranging explanation of intuition in expert behaviour. It is shown that the theory accounts for the key features of intuition: it explains the rapid onset of intuition and its perceptual nature, provides mechanisms for learning, incorporates processes showing how perception is linked to action and emotion, and how experts capture the entirety of a situation. In doing so, the new theory addresses the issues problematic for Dreyfus’s and Simon’s theories. Implications for research and practice are discussed.
URI: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/2904
Appears in Collections:School of Social Sciences Research Papers
Psychology

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