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|Title: ||Psychosocial impact of visual impairment in working age adults|
|Authors: ||Nyman, SR|
|Publication Date: ||2010|
|Publisher: ||BMJ Publishing Group|
|Citation: ||British Journal of Ophthalmology 94(11): 1427-1431, Nov 2010|
|Abstract: ||Aim: To review the evidence for the presence of lower levels of psychosocial well-being in working-age adults with visual impairment and for interventions to improve such levels of psychosocial well-being.
Methods: Systematic review of quantitative studies published in English from 2001 to July 2008 that measured depression/mental health, anxiety, quality of life, social functioning or social support.
Results: Included were 29 studies that measured one or more outcomes (N=52). Working-age adults with visual impairment were significantly more likely to report lower levels of mental health (mean difference=14.51/100), social functioning (MD=11.55/100) and quality of life. Studies regarding the prevalence of depressive symptoms produced inconsistent results but had methodological limitations.
Conclusions: Future research is required into the prevalence of loneliness, anxiety and depression in adults with visual impairment, and to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions for improving psychosocial well-being such as counselling, peer support and employment programmes.|
|Description: ||This is an open access article - Copyright @ 2010 BMJ Publishing Group|
|Sponsorship: ||Funding was obtained from the Thomas Pocklington Trust, 5 Castle Row, Horticultural Place, Chiswick, London W4 4JQ.|
|Appears in Collections:||Community Health and Public Health|
Dept of Clinical Sciences Research Papers
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