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|Title:||Quantitative detection in gas chromatography|
|Authors:||Gough, Terry Antony|
|Keywords:||Brunel mass detector;Detector response;Organic and inorganic gases;Detector calibration;Martin gas density balance|
|Abstract:||The difficulties encountered in quantitative analysis by gas chromatography are discussed, with particular reference to detection systems. The properties of an ideal detector for quantitative analysis are listed. A description is given of the mode of operation of detectors for gas chromatography, and the extent to which they are suitable for quantitative work is assessed. It was concluded that no one detector possessed all the properties required or an ideal detector. In particular a qualitative knowledge of the sample for analysis was required by all detectors; and calibration was required by the majority of detectors. The extent to which the Brunel mass detector overcomes these limitations was assessed. It is shown that the response of the mass detector depends solely on weight changes caused by adsorption of materials eluted from the chromatographic column thus completely eliminating the need for calibration and qualitative information. The response of the detector is integral, so that the problems associated with peak area measurement do not arise. The sensitivity of the detector is of a similar order to conventional hot wire detectors. The detector gave a quantitative response to all materials analysed, covering a wide boiling range: the upper limit was determined by the maximum column operating temperature, and the lower limit by the extent to which the detector was cooled. The detector responded quantitatively to water. At room temperature the detector responded on a qualitative basis to organic and inorganic gases. The detector was used for the calibration of other detector, and was operated in conjunction with the Martin gas density balance to determine the molecular weights of eluted materials.|
|Description:||This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University.|
|Appears in Collections:||Brunel University Theses|
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