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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/677

Title: Brain Localisation of Memory Chunks in Chessplayers
Authors: Campitelli, G
Gobet, F
Head, K
Buckley, M
Parker, A
Keywords: chess
chunking
fMRI
expertise
perceptual expertise
template theory
temporal lobe
working memory
Publication Date: 2007
Publisher: International Journal of Neuroscience
Citation: Campitelli, G., Gobet, F., Head, K., Buckley, M., & Parker, A. (in press). Brain localisation of memory chunks in chessplayers. International Journal of Neuroscience
Abstract: Chess experts store domain-specific representations in their long-term memory; due to the activation of such representations, they perform with high accuracy in tasks that require the maintenance of previously seen information. Chunk-based theories of expertise (chunking theory: Chase & Simon, 1973; template theory: Gobet & Simon, 1996) state that expertise is acquired mainly by the acquisition and storage in long-term memory of familiar chunks that allow quick recognition. We tested some predictions of these theories by using fMRI while chessplayers performed a recognition memory task. These theories predict that chessplayers access long-term memory chunks of domain-specific information, which are presumably stored in the temporal lobes. We also predicted that the recognition memory tasks would activate working memory areas in the frontal and parietal lobes. These predictions were supported by the data.
URI: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/677
Appears in Collections:School of Social Sciences Research Papers
Psychology

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