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Title: Blood pressure distribution in microvascular networks
Authors: Guibert, R
Fonta, C
Plouraboue, F
2nd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2009)
Keywords: Cerebral cortex
Blood rheology
Apparent viscosity
FåhræusLindquist effect
Plasma skimming
Publication Date: 2009
Publisher: Brunel University
Citation: 2nd Micro and Nano Flows Conference, Brunel University, West London, UK, 01-02 September 2009
Abstract: Blood rheology is complex and nonlinear. The effective viscosity variations are important due to red blood cells packing inside capillaries, the socalled FåhræusLindquist effect, whilst concomitantly phase segregation appears in bifurcations. We have performed direct numerical simulations of different nonlinear rheological models of the blood on realistic threedimensional microvascular networks. These simulations point out two significant results. First, various rheological models lead to very similar pressure distributions over the whole range of physiologically relevant hematocrits. Secondly, different models for phase segregation lead to very distinct hematocrit distributions in the microvascular network. Moreover, for all the investigated rheological models, the hematocrit distribution very weakly affects the pressure distribution, when prescribing uniform pressure boundary conditions.
Description: This paper was presented at the 2nd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2009), which was held at Brunel University, West London, UK. The conference was organised by Brunel University and supported by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, IPEM, the Italian Union of Thermofluid dynamics, the Process Intensification Network, HEXAG - the Heat Exchange Action Group and the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications.
Sponsorship: The research was supported by GDR n° 2760 Biomécanique des fluides et des transferts Interaction fluide/structure biologique, the ASUPS A03 and A05 of Paul Sabatier University, Toulouse, France and the ANR project ANR06BLAN023801.
ISBN: 978-1-902316-72-7
Appears in Collections:Brunel Institute for Bioengineering (BIB)
The Brunel Collection

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