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Title: Local minimizers in micromagnetics and related problems
Authors: Winter, M
Ball, J
Taheri, A
Keywords: Micromagnetics
Implicit function theorem
Calculus of variations
Euler-Lagrange equation
Publication Date: 2002
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Calc Var Partial Differential Equations 14: 1-27
Abstract: Let \Omega \subset {\bf R}^3 be a smooth bounded domain and consider the energy functional J_{\varepsilon} (m) := \int_{\Omega} \left( \frac{1}{2 \varepsilon} |Dm|^2 + \psi(m) + \frac{1}{2} |h-m|^2 \right) \, dx + \frac{1}{2} \int_{{\bf R}^3} |h_m|^2 \, dx. Here \varepsilon is a small non negative parameter and the space of admissible functions for m is the Sobolev space of vector-valued functions W^{1,2}(\Omega;{\bf R}^3) which satisfy the pointwise constraint |m(x)|^2-1=0 for a.e. x \in \Omega. The integrand \psi:{\bf S}^2 \to {\bf R} is assumed to be a sufficiently smooth non negative density function with a multi-well structure. The function h_m \in L^2 ({\bf R}^3; {\bf R}^3) is related to m via Maxwell´s equations. Finally h \in {\bf R}^3 is a constant vector. The energy functional J_{\varepsilon} arises from the study of continuum models for ferromagnetic materials known as micromagnetics developed by W. Brown \cite{BR}. In this paper we aim to construct local energy minimizers for this functional. Our approach is based on studying the corresponding Euler-Lagrange equation and proving a local existence result for solutions close to a fixed constant solution. Our main device for doing this is a suitable version of the implicit function theorem. We then show that these solutions are local minimizers of J_{\varepsilon} in appropriate topologies by using certain sufficiency theorems for local minimizers. Our analysis is applicable to a much broader class of functionals than the ones introduced above and on the way of proving our main results we reflect on some related problems.
Appears in Collections:Mathematics
School of Information Systems, Computing and Mathematics Research Papers

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