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Title: Cathodoluminescence of nanocrystalline Y2O3:Eu3+ with various Eu3+ concentrations
Authors: den Engelsen, D
Harris, P
Ireland, T
Silver, J
Keywords: monosized spherical nanoparticles;Cathodoluminescence
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Electrochemical Society
Citation: ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology, 4(2): R1 - R9, (2015)
Abstract: Herein a study on the preparation and cathodoluminescence of monosized spherical nanoparticles of Y2O3:Eu3+ having a Eu3+ concentration that varies between 0.01 and 10% is described. The luminous efficiency and decay time have been determined at low a current density, whereas cathodoluminescence-microscopy has been carried out at high current density, the latter led to substantial saturation of certain spectral transitions. A novel theory is presented to evaluate the critical distance for energy transfer from Eu3+ ions in S6 to Eu3+ ions in C2 sites. It was found that Y2O3:Eu3+ with 1–2% Eu3+ has the highest luminous efficiency of 16lm/w at 15keV electron energy. Decay times of the emission from 5D0 (C2) and 5D1 (C2) and 5D0 (S6) levels were determined. The difference in decay time from the 5D0 (C2) and 5D1 (C2) levels largely explained the observed phenomena in the cathodoluminescence-micrographs recorded with our field emission scanning electron microscope.
Description: © The Author(s) 2014. Published by ECS. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY,, which permits unrestricted reuse of the work in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
This article has been made available through the Brunel Open Access Publishing Fund.
ISSN: 2162-8777
Appears in Collections:Brunel OA Publishing Fund
Wolfson Centre for Materials Processing

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