Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHaghani, S-
dc.contributor.authorLeroy, SAG-
dc.contributor.authorKhdir, S-
dc.contributor.authorKabiri, K-
dc.contributor.authorBeni, AN-
dc.contributor.authorLahijani, HAK-
dc.identifier.citationThe Holocene, 26(1): pp. 3-16, (2016)en_US
dc.description.abstractCaspian Sea level has undergone significant changes through time with major impacts not only on the surrounding coasts, but also offshore. This study reports a brackish water invasion on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea constructed from a multi-proxy analysis of sediment retrieved from the Langarud wetland. The ground surface level of wetland is >6 m higher than the current Caspian Sea level (at -27.41 m in 2014) and located >11 km far from the coast. A sequence covering the last millennium was dated by three radiocarbon dates. The results from this new study suggest that Caspian Sea level rose up to at least -21.44 m (i.e. >6 m above the present water level) during the early Little Ice Age. Although previous studies in the southern coast of the Caspian Sea have detected a high-stand during the Little Ice Age period, this study presents the first evidence that this high-stand reached so far inland and at such a high altitude. Moreover, it confirms one of the very few earlier estimates of a high-stand at -21 m for the second half of the 14th century. The effects of this large-scale brackish water invasion on soil properties would have caused severe disruption to regional agriculture, thereby destabilizing local dynasties and facilitating a rapid Turko-Mongol expansion of Tamerlane’s armies from the east.en_US
dc.publisherSAGE Publicationsen_US
dc.subjectLittle Ice Ageen_US
dc.subjectCaspian Seaen_US
dc.subjectSea level changeen_US
dc.titleAn early Little Ice Age brackish water invasion along the south coast of the Caspian Sea (sediment of Langarud wetland) and its wider impacts on environment and peopleen_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1177/0959683615596835-
dc.relation.isPartOfThe Holocene: a major interdisciplinary journal focusing on recent environmental change-
Appears in Collections:Institute for the Environment

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Fulltext.pdf3.15 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in BURA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.