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Title: Development of phased array probes to operate in time-of-flight diffraction configuration to continuously monitor defect growth in thermal power plants
Authors: Kostan, M
Cheng, L
Carpentier, C
Nageswaran, C
Mohimi, A
Kappatos, V
Gan, TH
Wrobel, L
Selcuk, C
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: 54th Annual British Conference of Non-Destructive Testing, NDT 2015, 2015
Abstract: A high temperature (HT) structural health monitoring system for pipes that utilises phased array (PA) probes in time-of-flight diffraction (TOFD) configuration to continuously monitor the defect growth over time is being developed, so that when the defect reaches a critical size the plant can be shut down and maintenance can take place before failure. The numerical models for PA/TOFD inspection technique in either symmetric or asymmetric pitch-catch configuration were developed using the CIVA simulation platform. The probe characteristics were selected and the ultrasonic beam profile was predicted for different points in the volume of interest i.e. the weld and the heat affected zone (HAZ). The probes positions and interspacing between the probes in emission and reception were also selected in order to achieve maximum inspection coverage. The PA probes use piezoelectric elements for generation and reception of ultrasound beam. Single crystal gallium orthophosphate (GaPO4) has been selected for impedance analysis as a candidate for application in the PA probes operating at HT. Impedance characteristics of GAPO4 elements were investigated up to 580°C and together with measured capacitance (at 1 kHz), density and dimensions of the GAPO4 elements used to calculate material properties of these elements at HT as a function of time. The calculated material properties were used to evaluate the developed PA on TOFD technique at HT using COMSOL simulation package. The simulated and experimental results are encouraging for proceeding with development of PA/TOFD probes using GaPO4, for inspection and condition monitoring of HT pipelines in power plants at temperatures up to 580°C.
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