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Title: Developing and deploying enhanced algorithms to enable operational stability control systems with embedded high voltage DC links
Authors: Rabbani, Ronak
Advisors: Taylor, G
Keywords: Stability;HVDC;MPC controller;MLQG;Probabilistic stability assessment
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Brunel University London
Abstract: The increasing penetration of renewable energy resources within the Great Britain (GB) transmission system has created much greater variability of power flows within the transmission network. Consequently, modern transmission networks are presented with an ever increasing range of operating conditions. As a result, decision making in the Electricity National Control Centre (ENCC) of the GB electrical power transmission system is becoming more complex and control room actions are required for reducing timescales in the future so as to enable optimum operation of the system. To maximise utilisation of the electricity transmission system there is a requirement for fast transient and dynamic stability control. In this regard, GB electrical power transmissions system reinforcement using new technology, such as High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) links and Thyristor-Controlled Series Compensation (TCSC), is planned to come into operation. The research aim of this PhD thesis is to fully investigate the effects of HVDC lines on power system small-disturbance stability in the presence of operational uncertainties. The main research outcome is the comprehensive probabilistic assessment of the stability improvements that can be achieved through the use of supplementary damping control when applied to HVDC systems. In this thesis, two control schemes for small-signal dynamic stability enhancement of an embedded HVDC link are proposed: Modal Linear Quadratic Gaussian (MLQG) controller and Model Predictive Controller (MPC). Following these studies, probabilistic methodologies are developed in order to test of the robustness of HVDC based damping controllers, which involves using classification techniques to identify possible mitigation options for power system operators. The Monte Carlo (MC) and Point Estimated Method (PEM) are developed in order to identify the statistical distributions of critical modes of a power system in the presence of uncertainties. In addition, eigenvalue sensitivity analysis is devised and demonstrated to ensure accurate results when the PEM is used with test systems. Finally, the concepts and techniques introduced in the thesis are combined to investigate robustness for the widely adopted MLQG controller and the recently introduced MPC, which are designed as the supplementary controls of an embedded HVDC link for damping inter-area oscillations. Power system controllers are designed using a linearised model of the system and tuned for a nominal operating point. The assumption is made that the system will be operating within an acceptable proximity range of its nominal operating condition and that the uncertainty created by changes within each operating point can possibly have an adverse effect on the controller’s performance.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the award of Doctor of Philosophy and was awarded by Brunel University London
Appears in Collections:Dept of Electronic and Electrical Engineering Theses

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