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Title: Energy performance enhancement of crystalline silicon solar cells
Authors: Tahhan, Abdulla
Advisors: Dehouche, Z
Keywords: Silicon oxide;Titanium oxide;Thin films;PECVD coating process;Luminescent material
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Brunel University London
Abstract: The work in this thesis examines the effects of the application of oxide coatings on the performance of the single crystalline silicon photovoltaic solar cells. A variety of potential oxide materials for solar cells performance enhancement are investigated. These films are silicon oxide, titanium oxide and rare earth ion-doped gadolinium oxysulfide phosphor. This study compares the electrical characteristics, optical properties and surface chemical composition of mono-crystalline silicon cells before and after coating. The first study investigates the potential for using single and double layers of silicon oxide films produced by low-temperature Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapour Deposition (PECVD) using tetramethylsilane as a silicon precursor and potassium permanganate oxidising agent for efficiency enhancement of solar cells at low manufacturing cost. Deposition of the films contributes to the increase of the conversion energy of the solar cells on one hand while the variety of colours obtained in this study can be of great importance for building-integrated photovoltaic application on the other hand. The obtained results demonstrated a relative enhancement of 3% in the conversion efficiency of the crystalline silicon solar cell. In the second study, the effects of using a single layer of titanium oxide and a stack of silicon oxide and titanium oxide on the performance of solar cell are demonstrated. Moreover, this study shows the use of different sputtering configurations and oxidation methods. The experimental results showed a relative enhancement of 1.6% for solar cells coated with a stack of silicon oxide/titanium oxide. In the third study, silicon cells were coated with a luminescent layer consisting of down-converting phosphor, gadolinium oxysulfide doped with erbium and terbium, and a polymeric binder of EVA using doctor-blade screen printing technique. A relative enhancement of 4.45% in the energy conversion efficiency of PV solar cell was achieved. Also, the effects of combining silicon oxide layers together with the luminescent composite are also presented in this study.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the award of Doctor of Philosophy and was awarded by Brunel University London
Appears in Collections:Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Theses

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