Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/17293
Title: Superpixel-based Fast Fuzzy C-Means Clustering for Color Image Segmentation
Authors: Lei, T
Jia, X
Zhang, Y
Liu, S
Meng, H
Nandi, A
Keywords: Color image segmentation;fuzzy c-means (FCM) clustering;Superpixel;Morphological reconstruction
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: IEEE
Citation: IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems
Abstract: A great number of improved fuzzy c-means (FCM) clustering algorithms have been widely used for grayscale and color image segmentation. However, most of them are time-consuming and unable to provide desired segmentation results for color images due to two reasons. The first one is that the incorporation of local spatial information often causes a high computational complexity due to the repeated distance computation between clustering centers and pixels within a local neighboring window. The other one is that a regular neighboring window usually breaks up the real local spatial structure of images and thus leads to a poor segmentation. In this work, we propose a superpixel-based fast FCM clustering algorithm (SFFCM) that is significantly faster and more robust than state-of-the-art clustering algorithms for color image segmentation. To obtain better local spatial neighborhoods, we firstly define a multiscale morphological gradient reconstruction (MMGR) operation to obtain a superpixel image with accurate contour. In contrast to traditional neighboring window of fixed size and shape, the superpixel image provides better adaptive and irregular local spatial neighborhoods that are helpful for improving color image segmentation. Secondly, based on the obtained superpixel image, the original color image is simplified efficiently and its histogram is computed easily by counting the number of pixels in each region of the superpixel image. Finally, we implement FCM with histogram parameter on the superpixel image to obtain the final segmentation result. Experiments performed on synthetic images and real images demonstrate that the proposed algorithm provides better segmentation results and takes less time than state-of-the-art clustering algorithms for color image segmentation.
URI: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/17293
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TFUZZ.2018.2889018
ISSN: 1063-6706
1941-0034
Appears in Collections:Dept of Electronic and Computer Engineering Research Papers

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