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Title: Modelling exchange rates and monetary policy in emerging Asian economies: Non-linear econometric approach
Authors: Anwar, Muslimin
Advisors: Martin, C
Arghyrou, MG
Davis, P
Milas, C
Keywords: Equilibrium nominal;Permanent relative output;Domestic price level;Foreign price level
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: School of Social Sciences Theses
Abstract: In this thesis we examine exchange rates and monetary policy of four emerging Asian countries, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and South Korea. We model equilibrium exchange rates using a general behavioural specification consistent with a variety of theoretical approaches; and short-run dynamics using a general non-linear adjustment model. We find in all countries examined, equilibrium nominal and real exchange rates are a function of permanent relative output and one or more variables from domestic and foreign price levels, nominal and real interest rate differentials, the level of and changes in net foreign assets, and a time trend. These results imply that individual countries present significant elements of idiosyncratic behaviour, casting doubt on empirical models using panel-data techniques. We also obtain evidence of non-linear exchange rate dynamics, with the speed of adjustment to equilibrium being in all cases a function of the size, and in two cases, the sign of the misalignment term. With respect to monetary policy, we examined these countries' monetary policy reaction function based on an open economy augmented Taylor rule including the exchange rate and the foreign interest rate. Using a formal testing approach, our tests reject linearity, suggesting that monetary authorities in these four emerging economies are subject to nonlinear inflation effects and that they respond more vigorously to inflation when it is further from the target. Our results also lead us to speculate that policymakers in three countries may have been attempting to keep inflation within the range, while those in the other country may have been pursuing a point inflation target. Finally, we also find monetary policy is asymmetric as policy makers respond differently to upward and downward deviations of inflation away from the target.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University, 31/08/2007.
Appears in Collections:Economics and Finance
Dept of Economics and Finance Theses

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