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Title: Issues facing the application of telemedicine in developing countries: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and Syrian Arab Republic
Authors: Alajlani, Mohannad
Advisors: Clarke, M
Keywords: Health care;Middle east;E-consultation;Resistance;Barriers
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Brunel University, School of Information Systems, Computing and Mathematics
Abstract: Telemedicine delivers healthcare between geographically separated locations using medical expertise supported by communication technology. Physicians and specialists from one site can provide diagnosis, treatment and consultation to patients at a remote site. This makes the use of telemedicine particularly affective in rural and remote areas that have limited access to healthcare services. This study identifies the factors that affect the use and adoption of telemedicine in developing countries and rural areas in general, taking the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the Syrian Arab Republic as cases studies. We have developed two guideline frameworks to be applied to telemedicine projects at the pre- implementation phase. The main purpose of the guideline frameworks is to assess the readiness of the Jordanian and Syrian health care system to use telemedicine and to assist any healthcare provider who is considering implementing a telemedicine project in either of these two countries. The guideline framework can be transferred and applied to any other country for which similar circumstances apply. Our guideline frameworks are based on interviews with key stakeholders including doctors, technicians, engineers, and decision makers, and administering questionnaires to further key stakeholders including patients, ensuring that we gain opinion from people from different backgrounds and with different roles in the healthcare system. Our research has identified specific key issues which inhibit the use of telemedicine: poor technology infrastructure; lack of funding; lack of IT education; insufficient training for clinicians; doctors’ resistance; patients’ resistance; and lack of knowledge about healthcare and technology. This work provides a clear idea of the current readiness in both countries and proposes two guideline frameworks that will aid the use of telemedicine. Their dissemination will create awareness and spread knowledge, which will help the decision makers to appreciate the potential role of telemedicine and help them to facilitate the process of introduction and so spread telemedicine in both Jordan and Syria.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University.
Appears in Collections:Computer Science
Dept of Computer Science Theses

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