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Title: Boger fluid flow through hyperbolic contraction microchannels
Authors: Campo-Deaño, L
Galindo-Rosales, FJ
Oliveira, MSN
Alves, MA
Pinho, FT
3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011)
Keywords: Boger fluids;Rheology;Contraction-expansion flow;Relaxation time
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Brunel University
Citation: 3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece, 22-24 August 2011
Abstract: Boger fluids are characterized by their constant viscosity and elasticity and are very useful to study pure elastic flow behavior. In this paper we assess the potential of a microfluidic hyperbolic contraction as a device to measure the relaxation time of low viscosity polymer solutions, which are difficult to characterize in a conventional capillary break-up extensional rheometer. For this purpose we initially characterize the shear and extensional rheology of aqueous solutions of polyacrylamide (PAA) at different concentrations (400, 250, 125 and 50 ppm) with 1% (w/w) of NaCl, which result in low viscosity Boger fluids. Subsequently, flow visualizations of their flow through a microfluidic hyperbolic contraction were carried out in order to quantify the relation between their degree of elasticity and the vortex growth upstream of the microchannel.
Description: This paper was presented at the 3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011), which was held at the Makedonia Palace Hotel, Thessaloniki in Greece. The conference was organised by Brunel University and supported by the Italian Union of Thermofluiddynamics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University of Thessaly, IPEM, the Process Intensification Network, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the Heat Transfer Society, HEXAG - the Heat Exchange Action Group, and the Energy Institute.
ISBN: 978-1-902316-98-7
Appears in Collections:Brunel Institute for Bioengineering (BIB)
The Brunel Collection

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