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Title: Design and optimization of a micro heat sink for concentrating photovoltaic/thermal (CPVT) systems
Authors: Karathanassis, IK
Papanicolaou, E
Belessiotis, V
Bergeles, GC
3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011)
Keywords: CPVT;Micro heat sink;Conjugate heat transfer;Response surfaces;Genetic algorithms;Multiobjective optimization
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Brunel University
Citation: 3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece, 22-24 August 2011
Abstract: An optimization methodology for a microchannel heat sink suitable for the cooling of a parabolic trough CPVT system is presented in this study. Two different microchannel configurations are considered, Fixed (FWμ) and stepwise Variable-Width (VWμ) microchannels respectively. The performance evaluation criteria comprise the thermal resistance of the heat sink and the cooling medium pressure drop through the heat sink. Initially, the effect of the geometric parameters on the heat sink thermal and hydrodynamic performance is investigated using a thermal resistance model in order to save computational time. The results of the 1-D model enable the construction of surrogate functions for the thermal resistance and the pressure drop of the heat sink, which are considered as the objective functions for the multiobjective optimization process that leads to the optimal geometric parameters. In a second step, a 3-D numerical model of fluid flow and conjugate heat transfer in the optimized FWμ heat sink is developed in order to investigate in detail the flow and thermal phenomena. The overall analysis demonstrates that microchannel heat sinks achieve very low values of thermal resistance and that the use of variable-width channels can significantly reduce the pressure drop of the cooling fluid. Furthermore, it is proven that the 1-D model is capable of providing a good estimate of the behavior of the heat sink.
Description: This paper was presented at the 3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011), which was held at the Makedonia Palace Hotel, Thessaloniki in Greece. The conference was organised by Brunel University and supported by the Italian Union of Thermofluiddynamics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University of Thessaly, IPEM, the Process Intensification Network, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the Heat Transfer Society, HEXAG - the Heat Exchange Action Group, and the Energy Institute.
ISBN: 978-1-902316-98-7
Appears in Collections:Brunel Institute for Bioengineering (BIB)
The Brunel Collection

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