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Title: Dissipative particle dynamics simulation of flow in periodically grooved three-dimensional nano- and micro-channels
Authors: Kasiteropoulou, D
Karakasidis, TE
Liakopoulos, A
3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011)
Keywords: Micro-flow;Nano-flow;Grooved channel;Dissipative particle dynamics simulation;Friction factor
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Brunel University
Citation: 3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece, 22-24 August 2011
Abstract: Nonequillibrium flow in three-dimensional grooved nano- and micro-channels is investigated using the Dissipative Particle Dynamics simulation method. Roughness is introduced by periodically placing rectangular protruding elements on the upper channel wall. The protrusion length and height are varied and their effect on the flow is examined. The computed macroscopic quantities of practical interest include density, velocity, pressure, and temperature profiles as well as relations between the friction factor and the Reynolds number. When compared to the smooth channel case, lower flow velocities are observed in the central part of the channel for all cases studied. This reduction of velocities becomes more pronounced as the protrusion height increases. For the micro-channel, density, pressure and temperature remain almost constant in the central part of the channel and their pattern near and inside the cavities depend on the protrusion shape. In the nanochannel case, lower temperatures and pressures are observed for all grooved channels relative to the smooth channel case. For all channel cases studied the calculated friction factor decreases as Reynolds number increases, following a power law relation.
Description: This paper was presented at the 3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011), which was held at the Makedonia Palace Hotel, Thessaloniki in Greece. The conference was organised by Brunel University and supported by the Italian Union of Thermofluiddynamics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University of Thessaly, IPEM, the Process Intensification Network, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the Heat Transfer Society, HEXAG - the Heat Exchange Action Group, and the Energy Institute.
ISBN: 978-1-902316-98-7
Appears in Collections:Brunel Institute for Bioengineering (BIB)
The Brunel Collection

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