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Title: Droplet deformation and pumping in AC electro-osmotic micropumps
Authors: Weiss, B
Hilber, W
Gittler, P
Jakoby, B
2nd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2009)
Keywords: Droplet deformation;AC electro-osmotic micropump;Dielectrophoresis;Level-set method
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Brunel University
Citation: 2nd Micro and Nano Flows Conference, Brunel University, West London, UK, 01-02 September 2009
Abstract: This contribution deals with the pumping and deformation of oil in water droplets in alternating-current electro-osmotic micropumps. These micropumps are used to transport lowly conductive fluids through micro channels by means of a harmonically driven electrode array on the channel bottom. The periodic formation of an electric double layer above the electrodes results in an electro-osmotic flow, which carries along adjacent fluid layers. In experiments we observed that droplets immersed in the carrier fluid are transported by the channel flow and periodically deformed when passing the electrodes. Due to the different polarizability and conductivity of the droplet and the carrier fluid, dielectrophoretic forces act on the fluid droplet interface. These forces that are described by the Maxwell stress tensor increase with the electric field strength and attract the droplet towards the electrode. This contribution analyses the mechanisms of droplet pumping and deformation numerically by means of solving for the electric and the flow field to the two phases in the channel and by evaluating the dielectrophoretic forces on the droplet. A conservative level-set method is used to track the droplet surface accurately.
Description: This paper was presented at the 2nd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2009), which was held at Brunel University, West London, UK. The conference was organised by Brunel University and supported by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, IPEM, the Italian Union of Thermofluid dynamics, the Process Intensification Network, HEXAG - the Heat Exchange Action Group and the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications.
ISBN: 978-1-902316-72-7
Appears in Collections:Brunel Institute for Bioengineering (BIB)
The Brunel Collection

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