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Title: On emerging micro- and nanoscale thermofluidic technologies
Authors: Poulikakos, D
2nd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2009)
Keywords: Energy;Micro-fuel cells;Electronics cooling;Nanotechnology;Nanoparticles;Carbon nanotubes;Nanowires
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Brunel University
Citation: 2nd Micro and Nano Flows Conference, Brunel University, West London, UK, 01-02 September 2009
Abstract: This paper highlights examples of my current research in heat transfer and fluidics at the interface of energy applications and micro- and nanoscale technologies. It is not the scope of this paper to present an exhaustive account of all current and past activities related to its title. It is rather an account of current research in my laboratory in this area, containing both the underlying scientific challenges as well as the hoped final outcome in terms of applications. To this end, examples from the areas of energy conversion, as well as energy transport will be discussed. In the area of energy conversion an original, deformable, direct methanol microfuel cell will be presented made of lightweight, flexible, polymer-based materials. A basic understanding and control of two-phase flows (in this case methanol and carbon dioxide) in microchannels as well as novel materials processing and microfabrication methods are directly related to the performance of such energy conversion devices. In the area of energy conservation and reuse, examples from the information technology are employed. Specifically, new concepts of liquid (water) cooling of chips reaching heat removal rates in excess of 700 W/cm2 in domains with restricted heights of the order of one mm will be presented. One additional advantage of using water to cool high density electronics is energy reuse, due to the potentially much higher exergy content of the coolant compared to air cooled technologies. The last part of the paper focuses on the employment of functional nanostructures such as carbon nanotubes and nanowires of conductive and semiconductive materials for the efficient transport of electricity and heat and the need for the development of novel technologies for the manufacturing, characterization as well as handling of such nanostructures.
Description: This paper was presented at the 2nd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2009), which was held at Brunel University, West London, UK. The conference was organised by Brunel University and supported by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, IPEM, the Italian Union of Thermofluid dynamics, the Process Intensification Network, HEXAG - the Heat Exchange Action Group and the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications.
ISBN: 978-1-902316-72-7
Appears in Collections:Brunel Institute for Bioengineering (BIB)
The Brunel Collection

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