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Title: Investigation of performance and characteristics of a multi-cylinder gasoline engine with controlled auto-ignition combustion in naturally aspirated and boosted operation
Authors: Martins, Mario Eduardo Santos
Advisors: Zhao, H
Keywords: Controlled auto-ignition;Homogenous charge compression;Multi-cylinder gasoline engine;Fuel emission
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Brunel University School of Engineering and Design PhD Theses
Abstract: Controlled Auto-Ignition (CAI) also known as Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) is increasingly seen as a very effective way of lowering both fuel consumption and emissions. Hence, it is regarded as one of the best ways to meet stringent future emissions legislation. It has however, still many problems to overcome, such as limited operating range. This combustion concept was achieved in a production type, 4-cylinder gasoline engine, in two separated tests: naturally aspirated and turbocharged. Very few modifications to the original engine were needed. These consisted basically of a new set of camshafts for the naturally aspirated test and new camshafts plus turbocharger for the boosted test. The first part of investigation shows that naturally aspirated CAI could be readily achieved from 1000 to 3500rpm. The load range, however, decreased noticeably with engine speed due to flow restrictions imposed by the low lift camshafts. Ultra-low levels of NOx emissions and reduced fuel consumption were observed. After baseline experiments with naturally aspirated operation, the capability of turbocharging for extended CAI operation was investigated. The results show that the CAI range could achieve higher load and speed with the addition of the turbocharger. The engine showed increased fuel consumption due to excessive pumping losses. Emissions, however, have been reduced substantially in comparison to the original engine. NOx levels could be reduced by up to 98% when compared to a standard SI production engine.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and was awarded by Brunel University.
Appears in Collections:Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Theses

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