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Title: An evaluation of biotic ligand models predicting acute copper toxicity to Daphnia magna in wastewater effluent
Authors: Constantino, C
Scrimshaw, M
Comber, S
Churchley, J
Keywords: Biotic ligand;Daphnia;Copper;Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid;Sodium
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Citation: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 30(4), 852 - 860, 2011
Abstract: The toxicity of Cu to Daphnia magna was investigated in a series of 48-h immobilization assays in effluents from four wastewater treatment works. The assay results were compared with median effective concentration (EC50) forecasts produced by the HydroQual biotic ligand model (BLM), the refined D. magna BLM, and a modified BLM that was constructed by integrating the refined D. magna biotic ligand characterization with the Windermere humic aqueous model (WHAM) VI geochemical speciation model, which also accommodated additional effluent characteristics as model inputs. The results demonstrated that all the BLMs were capable of predicting toxicity by within a factor of two, and that the modified BLM produced the most accurate toxicity forecasts. The refined D. magna BLM offered the most robust assessment of toxicity in that it was not reliant on the inclusion of effluent characteristics or optimization of the dissolved organic carbon active fraction to produce forecasts that were accurate by within a factor of two. The results also suggested that the biotic ligand stability constant for Na may be a poor approximation of the mechanisms governing the influence of Na where concentrations exceed the range within which the biotic ligand stability constant value had been determined. These findings support the use of BLMs for the establishment of site-specific water quality standards in waters that contain a substantial amount of wastewater effluent, but reinforces the need for regulators to scrutinize the composition of models, their thermodynamic and biotic ligand parameters, and the limitations of those parameters.
Description: This is the author's accepted manuscript. The final published article is available from the link below. Copyright @ 2010 SETAC.
ISSN: 0730-7268
Appears in Collections:Environment
Institute for the Environment

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