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Title: Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Single Phase Flow in a micro T-junction
Authors: Puccetti, G
Pulvirenti, B
Morini, GL
4th Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2014)
Keywords: Micro flow;Micro T -junction;MicroPIV;Microchannel
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Brunel University London
Citation: 4th Micro and Nano Flows Conference, University College London, UK, 7-10 September 2014, Editors CS König, TG Karayiannis and S. Balabani
Series/Report no.: ID 121
Abstract: In this work the fluid-dynamic behaviour of a micro T-junction has been investigated both numerically and experimentally for low Reynolds numbers (Re<14) with water as working fluid. The velocity profiles within the T-junction has been experimentally determined by using the micro Particle Image Velocimetry (μPIV). The experimental data have been compared with the numerical results obtained by means of a 3D model implemented in Comsol Multiphysics® environment for incompressible, isothermal, laminar flows with constant properties. The comparison between the experimental and the numerical data puts in evidence a perfect agreement among the results. In the central region of the T-junction where the velocity profiles of the inlet branches interact, the maximum difference is less than 5.8% for different flow rates imposed at the inlet (with the ratio 1:2) and less than 4.4% in the case of the same flow rate at the inlets (1:1). Since the estimated uncertainty of the experimental velocity is about 3%, the obtained result can be considered very good and it demonstrates that no significant scaling effects influences the liquid mixing for low Reynolds numbers (Re<14) and the behaviour of the micro T-junction can be considered as conventional. The detailed analysis of the velocity profile evolution within the central region of the mixer has allowed to determine where the fully developed laminar profile is reached (for instance 260 mm far from the centre of the T-junction when a maximum water flow rate of 8 ml/h is considered).
Description: This paper was presented at the 4th Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2014), which was held at University College, London, UK. The conference was organised by Brunel University and supported by the Italian Union of Thermofluiddynamics, IPEM, the Process Intensification Network, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the Heat Transfer Society, HEXAG - the Heat Exchange Action Group, and the Energy Institute, ASME Press, LCN London Centre for Nanotechnology, UCL University College London, UCL Engineering, the International NanoScience Community,
ISBN: 978-1-908549-16-7
Appears in Collections:Brunel Institute for Bioengineering (BIB)
The Brunel Collection

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