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Title: Analysis and design optimization of an integrated micropump-micromixer operated for bio-MEMS applications
Authors: Cortes-Quiroz, CA
Azarbadegan, A
Johnston, ID
Tracey, MC
4th Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2014)
Keywords: Microfluidics;Micropump-micromixer;Parallel valveless micropump;Pulsating flow;Microsystem design;Optimization
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Brunel University London
Citation: 4th Micro and Nano Flows Conference, University College London, UK, 7-10 September 2014, Editors CS König, TG Karayiannis and S. Balabani
Series/Report no.: ID 162
Abstract: A generic microfluidic system composed by two single chamber valveless micropumps connected to a simple T-type channel intersection is examined numerically. The characteristics of a feasible valveless micropump have been used in the design, where efficient mixing is produced due to the pulsating flow generated by the micropumps. The advantages of using time pulsing inlet flows for enhancing mixing in channels have been harnessed through the activation of intrinsic characteristics of the pumps required to achieve the periodic flows. A parametric study is carried out on this microfluidic system using Computational Fluids Dynamics (CFD)on a design space defined by a Design-of-Experiments (DOE) technique. The frequency f and the phase difference f of the periodic fluid velocities (operation parameters) and the angle q formed by the inlet channels at the intersection (geometric parameter) are used as design parameters, whereas mixing quality, pressure drop and maximum shear strain rate in the channel are the performance parameters. The study identifies design features for which the pressure drop and shear strain are reduced whereas the mixing quality is increased. The proposed microfluidic system achieves high mixing quality with performance parameters that enable manipulation of biological fluids in microchannels.
Description: This paper was presented at the 4th Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2014), which was held at University College, London, UK. The conference was organised by Brunel University and supported by the Italian Union of Thermofluiddynamics, IPEM, the Process Intensification Network, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the Heat Transfer Society, HEXAG - the Heat Exchange Action Group, and the Energy Institute, ASME Press, LCN London Centre for Nanotechnology, UCL University College London, UCL Engineering, the International NanoScience Community,
ISBN: 978-1-908549-16-7
Appears in Collections:Brunel Institute for Bioengineering (BIB)
The Brunel Collection

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