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|Title:||Complex networks with node intrinsic fitness: on structural properties and contagious phenomena|
|Publisher:||Brunel Universtiy London|
|Abstract:||Complex networks is a vibrant research field and has received much attention over the last decade. Central to this area is the question of how networks around us are constructed. The essential notion of network research is that these systems are assembled in a decentralised way, thus no central agent is planning the network beforehand. Despite this lack of central coordination, many networks present intriguing universalities, such as broad degree distributions, in the form of power-laws. The subject of study in this thesis is a class of networks that are constructed by a node intrinsic variable, called fitness. The way these networks grow could be called a rich-get-richer mechanism. The fitter a node is, the more likely it is to acquire new connections inside the network. Several aspects that are directly connected to these networks are explored in this thesis. In the first part, the properties of growing networks that are driven by fitness are investigated and it is shown that the introduction of growth leads to a topological structure that is different from its static counterpart. In the subsequent chapter, percolation on fitness driven networks is studied. The results give insights into possible mechanisms that can stabilise systems. Furthermore, the theory can be used to identify vulnerable structures around us. In the following chapter, the world trade network is discussed. This numerical investigation highlights possible improvements to the methodology to make statistical analysis more robust. That chapter is followed by an analysis of time-varying networks.Time-varying networks represent an interesting construct that allows a formulation of stochastic processes on the same time-scale as the evolution of the network itself. This possibility is highly relevant to the investigation of epidemics, for instance. In the last chapter, a study of a system of clusters and their self-organised formation is presented.|
|Description:||This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University London.|
|Appears in Collections:||Dept of Mathematics Theses|
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