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Title: Failure assessment of lightly reinforced floor slabs. I: Experimental investigation
Authors: Cashell, KA
Elghazouli, AY
Izzuddin, BA
Keywords: Composite slabs;Composite steel/concrete;Ductility;Failure conditions;Lightly reinforced members;Reinforcement fracture
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers
Citation: Journal of Structural Engineering, 2011, 137 (9), pp. 977 - 988
Abstract: This paper is concerned with the ultimate behavior of lightly reinforced concrete floor slabs under extreme loading conditions. Particular emphasis is given to examining the failure conditions of idealized composite slabs which become lightly reinforced in a fire situation as a result of the early loss of the steel deck. An experimental study is described which focuses on the response of two-way spanning floor slabs with various materials and geometric configurations. The tests enable direct assessment of the influence of a number of key parameters such as the reinforcement type, properties, and ratio on the ultimate response. The results also permit the development of simplified expressions that capture the influence of salient factors such as bond characteristics and reinforcement properties for predicting the ductility of lightly reinforced floor slabs. The companion paper complements the experimental observations with detailed numerical assessments of the ultimate response and proposes analytical models that predict failure of slab members by either reinforcement fracture or compressive crushing of concrete. © 2011 American Society of Civil Engineers.
ISSN: 0733-9445
Appears in Collections:Dept of Electronic and Computer Engineering Research Papers

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