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|Title:||Social democracy, embeddedness and decommodification: On the conceptual innovations and intellectual affiliations of Karl Polanyi|
|Keywords:||Karl Polanyi;Ferdinand Tönnies;Embedded liberalism;New Deal;Social democracy;Fictitious commodities|
|Citation:||New Political Economy, 15(3): 369 - 393, (2010)|
|Abstract:||Of the several debates that revolve around the work of the economic historian and political economist Karl Polanyi, one that continues to exercise minds concerns his analysis of, and political attitudes toward, post-war capitalism and the welfare state. Simplified a little, it is a debate with two sides. To borrow Iván Szelényi's terms, one side constructs a ‘hard’ Karl Polanyi, the other a ‘soft’ one. The former advocated a socialist mixed economy dominated by redistributive mechanisms. He was a radical socialist for whom the market should never be the dominant mechanism of economic coordination. His ‘soft’ alter ego insisted that the market system remain essentially intact but be complemented by redistributive mechanisms. The ‘double movement’ – the central thesis of his ‘Great Transformation’ – acts, in this reading, as a self-correcting mechanism that moderates the excesses of market fundamentalism; its author was positioned within the social-democratic mainstream for which the only realistic desirable goal is a regulated form of capitalism. In terms of textual evidence there is much to be said for both interpretations. In this article I suggest a different approach, one that focuses upon the meaning of Polanyi's concepts in relation to their socio-political and intellectual environment.|
|Appears in Collections:||Dept of Politics, History and Law Research Papers|
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