Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/11324
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dc.contributor.authorAung, M-
dc.contributor.authorKaltwang, S-
dc.contributor.authorRomera-Paredes, B-
dc.contributor.authorMartinez, B-
dc.contributor.authorSingh, A-
dc.contributor.authorCella, M-
dc.contributor.authorValstar, M-
dc.contributor.authorMeng, H-
dc.contributor.authorKemp, A-
dc.contributor.authorShafizadeh, M-
dc.contributor.authorElkins, A-
dc.contributor.authorKanakam, N-
dc.contributor.authorRothschild, A-
dc.contributor.authorTyler, N-
dc.contributor.authorWatson, P-
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, A-
dc.contributor.authorPantic, M-
dc.contributor.authorBianchi-Berthouze, N-
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-07T12:54:47Z-
dc.date.available2015-06-
dc.date.available2015-09-07T12:54:47Z-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationIEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, 2015en_US
dc.identifier.issn1949-3045-
dc.identifier.urihttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=7173007&sortType%3Dasc_p_Sequence%26filter%3DAND(p_Publication_Number%3A5165369)%26rowsPerPage%3D50-
dc.identifier.urihttp://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/11324-
dc.description.abstractPain -related emotions are a major barrier to effective self rehabilitation in chronic pain. Automated coaching systems capable of detecting these emotions are a potential solution. This paper lays the foundation for the development of such systems by making three contributions. First, through literature reviews, an overview of how chronic pain is expressed and the motivation for detecting it in physical rehabilitation is provided. Second, a fully labelled multimodal dataset containing high resolution multiple-view face videos, head mounted and room audio signals, full body 3-D motion capture and electromyographic signals from back muscles is supplied. Natural unconstrained pain related facial expressions and body movement behaviours were elicited from people with chronic pain carrying out physical exercises. Both instructed and non-instructed exercises where considered to reflect different rehabilitation scenarios. Two sets of labels were assigned: level of pain from facial expressions annotated by eight raters and the occurrence of six pain-related body behaviours segmented by four experts. Third, through exploratory experiments grounded in the data, the factors and challenges in the automated recognition of such expressions and behaviour are described, the paper concludes by discussing potential avenues in the context of these findings also highlighting differences for the two exercise scenarios addressed.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was funded by the EPSRC Emotion & Pain Project (EP/H017178/1, EP/H017194/1, EP/H016988/1).en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherIEEEen_US
dc.subjectChronic low back painen_US
dc.subjectEmotionen_US
dc.subjectPain behaviouren_US
dc.subjectBody movementen_US
dc.subjectFacial expressionen_US
dc.subjectElectromyographyen_US
dc.subjectMotion captureen_US
dc.subjectAutomatic emotion recognitionen_US
dc.subjectMultimodal databaseen_US
dc.titleThe automatic detection of chronic pain-related expression: requirements, challenges and a multimodal dataseten_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TAFFC.2015.2462830-
dc.relation.isPartOfIEEE Transactions on Affective Computing-
pubs.publication-statusAccepted-
pubs.publication-statusAccepted-
Appears in Collections:Dept of Electronic and Computer Engineering Research Papers

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