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Title: Grain refinement of an Al-2 wt%Cu Alloy by Al3Ti1B master alloy and ultrasonic treatment
Authors: Wang, EQ
Wang, G
Dargusch, MS
Qian, M
Eskin, DG
StJohn, DH
Keywords: Grain refinement;Ultrasonic treatment;AlTiB master alloys;aluminium alloys
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Citation: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 117(1): 012050, (2016)
Abstract: Both inoculation by AlTiB master alloys and Ultrasonic Treatment (UT) are effective methods of refining the grain size of aluminium alloys. The present study investigates the influence of UT on the grain refinement of an Al-2 wt% Cu alloy with a range of Al3Ti1B master alloy additions. When the alloy contains the smallest amount of added master alloy, UT caused significant additional grain refinement compared with that provided by the master alloy only. However, the influence of UT on grain size reduces with increasing addition of the master alloy. Plotting the grain size data versus the inverse of the growth restriction factor (Q) reveals that the application of UT causes both an increase in the number of potentially active nuclei and a decrease in the size of the nucleation free zone due to a reduction in the temperature gradient throughout the melt. Both these factors promote the formation of a fine equiaxed grain structure.
ISSN: 1757-8981
Appears in Collections:Brunel Centre for Advanced Solidification Technology (BCAST)

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