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Title: The predictive power of stock micro-blogging sentiment in forecasting stock market behaviour
Authors: Al Nasseri, Alya Ali Mansoor
Advisors: De Cesare, S
Keywords: Sentiment;Data mining;Classification algorithms;Financial market;Behavioral finance
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Brunel University London
Abstract: Online stock forums have become a vital investing platform on which to publish relevant and valuable user-generated content (UGC) data such as investment recommendations and other stock-related information that allow investors to view the opinions of a large number of users and share-trading ideas. This thesis applies methods from computational linguistics and text-mining techniques to analyse and extract, on a daily basis, sentiments from stock-related micro-blogging messages called “StockTwits”. The primary aim of this research is to provide an understanding of the predictive ability of stock micro-blogging sentiments to forecast future stock price behavioural movements by investigating the various roles played by investor sentiments in determining asset pricing on the stock market. The empirical analysis in this thesis consists of four main parts based on the predictive power and the role of investor sentiment in the stock market. The first part discusses the findings of the text-mining procedure for extracting and predicting sentiments from stock-related micro-blogging data. The purpose is to provide a comparative textual analysis of different machine learning algorithms for the purpose of selecting the most accurate text-mining techniques for predicting sentiment analysis on StockTwits through the provision of two different applications of feature selection, namely filter and wrapper approaches. The second part of the analysis focuses on investigating the predictive correlations between StockTwits features and the stock market indicators. It aims to examine the explanatory power of StockTwits variables in explaining the dynamic nature of different financial market indicators. The third part of the analysis investigates the role played by noise traders in determining asset prices. The aim is to show that stock returns, volatility and trading volumes are affected by investor sentiment; it also seeks to investigate whether changes in sentiment (bullish or bearish) will have different effects on stock market prices. The fourth part offers an in-depth analysis of some tweet-market relationships which represent an open problem in the empirical literature (e.g. sentiment-return relations and volume-disagreement relations). The results suggest that StockTwits sentiments exhibit explanatory power in explaining the dynamics of stock prices in the U.S. market. Taking different approaches by combining text-mining techniques with feature selection methods has proved successful in predicting StockTwits sentiments. The applications of the approach presented in this thesis offer real-time investment ideas that may provide investors and their peers with a decision support mechanism. Investor sentiment plays a critical role in determining asset prices in capital markets. Overall, the findings suggest that investor sentiment among noise traders is a priced factor. The findings confirm the existence of asymmetric spillover effects of bullish and bearish sentiments on the stock market. They also suggest that sentiment is a significant factor in explaining stock price behaviour in the capital market and imply the positive role of the stock market in the formation of investor sentiment in stock markets. Furthermore, the research findings demonstrate that disagreement is not only an important factor in determining trading volumes but it is also considered a very significant factor in influencing asset prices and returns in capital markets. Overall, the findings of the thesis provide empirical evidence that failure to consider the role of investor sentiment in traditional finance theory could lead to an imperfect picture when explaining the behaviour of stock prices in stock markets
Description: This thesis was submitted for the award of Doctor of Philosophy and was awarded by Brunel University London
Appears in Collections:Business and Management
Brunel Business School Theses

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