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Title: Effects of valve timing, valve lift and exhaust backpressure on performance and gas exchanging of a two-stroke GDI engine with overhead valves
Authors: Dalla Nora, M
Lanzanova, TDM
Zhao, H
Keywords: Science & Technology;Physical Sciences;Technology;Thermodynamics;Energy & Fuels;Mechanics;Physics, Nuclear;Physics;Supercharged two-stroke cycle engine;Overhead poppet valves;Variable valve actuation;Gasoline direct injection;Premixed Combustion Concept;Marine Diesel-Engines;Free-Piston Engine;Direct-Injection;Spark-Ignition;Pre-Ignition;Di Gasoline;Super-Knock;Efficiency;Emissions
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Citation: Energy Conversion and Management,123 (13): pp. 71 - 83, (2016)
Abstract: The current demand for fuel efficient and lightweight powertrains, particularly for application in downsized and hybrid electric vehicles, has renewed the interest in two-stroke engines. In this framework, an overhead four-valve spark-ignition gasoline engine was modified to run in the two- stroke cycle. The scavenging process took place during a long valve overlap period around bottom dead centre at each crankshaft revolution. Boosted intake air was externally supplied at a constant 2pressure and gasoline was directly injected into the cylinder after valve closure. Intake and exhaust valve timings and lifts were independently varied through an electrohydraulic valve train, so their effects on engine performance and gas exchanging were investigated at 800 rpm and 2000 rpm. Different exhaust backpressures were also evaluated by means of exhaust throttling. Air trapping efficiency, charging efficiency and scavenge ratio were calculated based on air and fuel flow rates, and exhaust oxygen concentration at fuel rich conditions. The results indicated that longer intake and exhaust valve opening durations increased the charge purity and hence torque at higher engine speeds. At lower speeds, although, shorter valve opening durations increased air trapping efficiency and reduced the estimated supercharger power consumption due to lower air short-circuiting. A strong correlation was found between torque and charging efficiency, while air trapping efficiency was more associated to exhaust valve opening duration. The application of exhaust backpressure, as well as lower intake/exhaust valve lifts, made it possible to increase air trapping efficiency at the expense of lower charging efficiency.
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Research Papers

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