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|Title:||Sample injection strategy to increase throughput in counter-current chromatography: Case study of Honokiol purification|
|Keywords:||Counter-current chromatography;CCC;Sample injection;Honokiol;magnolol;Sample loading;Throughput|
|Citation:||Journal of Chromatography A, (2016)|
|Abstract:||Counter-current chromatography (CCC) has been widely used as a preparative separation method to purify natural products from plant extracts and fermentation broths. Traditionally, throughput optimization in CCC has focused on sample concentration and sample volume. In this paper sample injection was considered as consisting of three variables: injection flow rate, post-injection flow rate and sample solvent. The effects of these parameters were studied using a honokiol purification from a Magnolia officinalis bark extract as a case study aiming to achieve the highest throughput/yield ratio for greater than 99% purity of this potential anti- cancer drug obtained for submission to the Chinese FDA. An injection method was established that increased the throughput of honokiol by 46.5% (from 3.05 g/h to 4.47 g/h), and decreased the solvent consumption of mobile phase and stationary phase per gram of 35 honokiol by 40.0% (from 0.68 L/g to 0.41 L/g) and 48.4% (from 0.40 L/g to 0.21 L/g) 36 respectively. These results show the importance of understanding the whole injection process 37 when optimizing a given CCC separation.|
|Appears in Collections:||Dept of Electronic and Electrical Engineering Research Papers|
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