Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/14001
Title: Ultrasonic guided wave testing of pipelines using a broadband excitation
Authors: Thornicroft, Keith
Advisors: Mares, C
Keywords: Chirp;Non-destructive evaluation;Corrosion monitoring;Pipeline inspection;Signal processing
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Brunel University London
Abstract: Guided Wave Testing (GWT) is a relatively new development in non-destructive testing. Conventional Ultrasonic Testing (UT) methods are operated at high frequencies (MHz) and are capable of detecting very small (down to micrometre-scale) flaws within a range of millimetres from a transducer. GWT, however, is carried out at lower frequencies (kHz) and is capable of highlighting the position of volumetric structural detail and discontinuities, such as gross corrosion at a minimum of 9% of the cross-sectional area, tens of metres from a test location. Conventional ultrasonic testing relies on the transmission of bulk waves whereas GWT employs so-called ultrasonic guided waves (UGW). To simplify UGW inspections, several tests are conducted sequentially at a range of different excitation frequencies. The frequency bandwidth of each of these tests needs to be controlled to avoid complexities caused by the frequency dependent nature of the propagation of guided waves. This gives rise to the current GWT inspection procedure, where a number of different narrowband tests are conducted at several distinct frequencies. It is also found that different test circumstances (such as pipe coating or defect type) are inspected more easily with certain excitation frequencies than with others - and the optimum frequency can not always be predicted ahead of time. Thus, where time allows it is often beneficial to carry out a frequency sweep, whereby a large range of excitation frequencies are incrementally generated - for example, from 20 to 80kHz in 1kHz steps. This research proposes a novel approach to the existing pipeline inspection procedure by utilising the information contained within a broadband response. The overarching proposition given by this research is that the current collection procedure be entirely rewritten. This thesis will present ideas related to every area of the inspection procedure beginning with the tuning of excitation signals and concluding with recommendations on how tooling and excitation configuration can be modified to further optimise the technique for broadband excitation.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the award of Doctor of Philosophy and was awarded by Brunel University London
URI: http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/14001
Appears in Collections:Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Theses

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