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Title: Flow pattern transition models and correlations for flow boiling in mini-tubes
Authors: Mahmoud, MM
Karayiannis, TG
Keywords: Flow boiling;Mini tubes;Flow patterns;Correlations
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 70: pp. 270 - 282, (2016)
Abstract: An evaluation of models and correlations predicting flow patterns in mini-tubes is described in this paper and final recommendations are made for a way forward. Flow boiling patterns of R245fa in a 1.1mm diameter copper tube were used in this evaluation. The experiments covered an experimental range of mass flux 100-400kg/m2s, heat flux 3-25kW/m2, inlet pressure of 1.85 and inlet subcooling of 5K. Hysteresis was evident in these experiments across the whole range, with obvious changes in the flow patterns between increasing and decreasing heat flux. The four main flow patterns were bubbly, slug, churn and annular flow. Confined flow was also evident. For increasing heat flux, only annular flow was evident but all the flow patterns were evident with decreasing heat flux. Therefore, the evaluation of flow pattern maps carried out in this study was based on the decreasing heat flux data, as this covered the full range of flow patterns. The evaluation of more than ten models and correlations demonstrated that there is no general model that can predict accurately all flow pattern transition boundaries. Only one model succeeded in predicting all transition boundaries very well, except the bubbly to slug transition. Thus, a new modification on this boundary is proposed in this paper that could predict the experimental data used in this study very well.
ISSN: 0894-1777
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Research Papers

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