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Title: Heat and mass transfer in air-fed pressurised suits.
Authors: Tesch, K
Collins, MW
Karayiannis, TG
Atherton, MA
Edwards, P
Keywords: Heat transfer;Mass transfer;Two-component turbulent flows;Protective suits
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Citation: Applied Thermal Engineering, vol 29 (n. 7, May 2009), pp. 1375 - 1382
Abstract: Air-fed pressurised suits are used to protect workers against contamination and hazardous environments. The specific application here is the necessity for regular clean-up maintenance within the torus chamber of fusion reactors. The current design of suiting has been developed empirically. It is, therefore, very desirable to formulate a thermo-fluids model, which will be able to define optimum designs and operating parameters. Two factors indicate that the modelling should be as comprehensive as possible. Firstly, the overall thermo-fluids problem is three-dimensional and includes mass as well as heat transfer. The fluid field is complex, bounded on one side by the human body and on the other by what may be distensible, porous and multi-layer clothing. In this paper, we report firstly the modelling necessary for the additional mass and heat transport processes. This involves the use of Fick’s and Fourier’s laws and conjugate heat transfer. The results of an initial validation study are presented. Temperatures at the outlet of the suits were obtained experimentally and compared with those predicted by the overall CFD model. Realistic three-dimensional geometries were used for the suit and human body. Calculations were for turbulent flow with single- and two-component (species) models.
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Research Papers

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