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Title: Source model of the 16 September 2015 Illapel, Chile, M<inf>w</inf> 8.4 earthquake based on teleseismic and tsunami data
Authors: Heidarzadeh, M
Murotani, S
Satake, K
Ishibe, T
Gusman, AR
Keywords: Teleseismic body wave inversion;Tsunami;Earthquake;Illapel earthquake of 16 September 2015;Tsunami modeling;Chilean subduction zone
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Citation: Geophysical Research Letters, 43(2): pp. 643 - 650, (2016)
Abstract: We proposed a source model for the 16 September 2015 Illapel (Chile) tsunamigenic earthquake using teleseismic and tsunami data. The 2015 epicenter was at the northernmost of the aftershocks zone of the 2010 Mw 8.8 Maule earthquake. Teleseismic body wave inversions and tsunami simulations showed optimum rupture velocities of 1.5–2.0 km/s. The agreement between observed and synthetic waveforms was quantified using normalized root-mean-square (NRMS) misfit. The variations of NRMS misfits were larger for tsunami data compared to the teleseismic data, because tsunami waveforms are more sensitive to the spatial distribution of slip. The large-slip area was 80 km (along strike) × 100 km (along dip) with an average slip of 5.0 m and depth of 12–33 km, located ~70 km to the northwest of the epicenter. We obtained a seismic moment of 4.42 × 1021 Nm equivalent to Mw 8.4. Results may indicate a northward stress transfer from the 2010 Maule earthquake.
ISSN: 0094-8276
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Research Papers

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