Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Effect of surface contamination on interfacial mass transfer rate
Authors: Wissink, J
Herlina, H
Akar, Y
Uhlmann, M
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2017
Abstract: The influence of surface contamination upon the mass transfer rate of a low diffusivity gas across a flat surface is studied using direct numerical simulations. The interfacial mass transfer is driven by isotropic turbulence diffusing from below. Similar to Shen et al. (J. Fluid Mech. 506, 2004, pp. 79-115) the surface contamination is modelled by relating the normal gradient of the horizontal velocities at the top to the horizontal gradients of the surfactant concentrations. A broad range of contamination levels is considered, including clean to severely contaminated conditions. The time-averaged results show a strong correlation between the gas transfer velocity and the clean surface fraction of the surface area. In the presence of surface contamination the mass transfer velocity KL is found to scale as a power of the Schmidt number, i.e. Sc−q, where q smoothly transitions from q = 1/2 for clean surfaces to q = 2/3 for very dirty interfaces. A power law KL ∝ Sc−q is proposed in which both the exponent q and the constant of proportionality become functions of the clean surface fraction.
metadata.dc.relation.isreplacedby: 2438/15191
ISSN: 0022-1120
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Theses

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Fulltext.pdf3.11 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in BURA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.