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dc.contributor.authorStojceska, V-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Cleaner Productionen_US
dc.description.abstractThis paper assesses the environmental profile of the biscuit supply chain for producing sustainable gluten-free biscuits. Three different biscuit products were considered. The assessment follows a cradle-to-grave approach applying the ISO standards in compliance with the Product Category Rules (PCR) defined within EPD (Environmental Product Declaration) for bakery products was followed. Analogous environmental profiles were demonstrated for the different products assessed: ingredients production was found as the main hotspot on all impact categories, with contributions ranging from 22.2% to 84.9%, followed by transportation. Initial hypotheses for ingredients origin and waste management practices were demonstrated to have a key influence on the environmental results: while higher packaging recycling rates and local ingredients usage led to improved environmental results (up to 5.5%), direct food waste disposal was responsible for slightly (below 1%) unfavourable performance relative to base case. Additionally, healthier ingredients (xylitol and fructose) were also proposed in order to evaluate their potential benefits from an environmental perspective. However, only the use of fructose was found as a suitable alternative sweetener for more sustainable production.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors wish to express their gratitude to the following funders: Innovate, UK for funding Knowledge Transfer Partnership (project number 9484) between Brunel University London and Northumbrian Fine Food, Ltd “Development an innovative sustainable manufacturing baking system for producing a range of high quality gluten-free and derivative gluten-free baking products with enhanced functional properties”. This study would be impossible without providing data from Northumbrian Fine Foods, Ltd, therefore a special thanks from authors goes to the company. The author Isabel Noya López expresses her gratitude to COST Action ES1202 for supporting a Short Term Scientific Mission grant to and the BBVA programme “2015 edition of the BBVA Foundation Grants for Researchers and Cultural Creators” (2015-PO027).en_US
dc.subjectLife Cycle Assessment (LCA)en_US
dc.subjectgluten-free biscuitsen_US
dc.subjectfood – bakery industryen_US
dc.subjectsensitivity analysisen_US
dc.subjectsupply chainen_US
dc.subjectenvironmental profile.en_US
dc.titleAn environmental evaluation of food supply chain using life cycle assessment: a case study on gluten free biscuit productsen_US
dc.relation.isPartOfJournal of Cleaner Production-
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Research Papers

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