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|Title:||A model for the turbulent Hartmann layer|
|Keywords:||Fluid flows;Quasi one dimensional flows;Fluid mechanics;Electrostatics;Turbulent flows|
|Citation:||Physics of Fluids, 2000, 12 (6), pp. 1535 - 1543|
|Abstract:||Here we study the Hartmann layer, which forms at the boundary of any electrically-conducting fluid flow under a steady magnetic field at high Hartmann number provided the magnetic field is not parallel to the wall. The Hartmann layer has a well-known form when laminar. In this paper we develop a model for the turbulent Hartmann layer based on Prandtl’s mixing-length model without adding arbitrary parameters, other than those already included in the log-law. We find an exact expression for the displacement thickness of the turbulent Hartmann layer @also given by Tennekes, Phys. Fluids 9, 1876 ~1966!#, which supports our assertion that a fully-developed turbulent Hartmann layer of finite extent exists. Leading from this expression, we show that the interaction parameter is small compared with unity and that therefore the Lorentz force is negligible compared with inertia. Hence, we suggest that the turbulence present in the Hartmann layer is of classical type and not affected by the imposed magnetic field, so justifying use of a Prandtl model. A major result is a simple implicit relationship between the Reynolds number and the friction coefficient for the turbulent Hartmann layer in the limit of large Reynolds number. By considering the distance over which the stress decays, we find a condition for the two opposite Hartmann layers in duct flows to be isolated (nonoverlapping).|
|Appears in Collections:||Dept of Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Engineering Research Papers|
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