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Title: Incorporating Domain Knowledge into Natural Language Inference on Clinical Texts
Authors: Lu, M
Fang, Y
Yan, F
Li, M
Issue Date: 29-Apr-2019
Publisher: IEEE
Citation: IEEE Access, 2019, 7 pp. 57623 - 57632
Abstract: Making inference on clinical texts is a task which has not been fully studied. With the newly released, expert annotated MedNLI dataset, this task is being boosted. Compared with open domain data, clinical texts present unique linguistic phenomena, e.g., a large number of medical terms and abbreviations, different written forms for the same medical concept, which make inference much harder. Incorporating domain-specific knowledge is a way to eliminate this problem, in this paper, we assemble a new incorporating medical concept definitions module on the classic enhanced sequential inference model (ESIM), which first extracts the most relevant medical concept for each word, if it exists, then encodes the definition of this medical concept with a bidirectional long short-term network (BiLSTM) to obtain domain-specific definition representations, and attends these definition representations over vanilla word embeddings. The empirical evaluations are conducted to demonstrate that our model improves the prediction performance and achieves a high level of accuracy on the MedNLI dataset. Specifically, the knowledge enhanced word representations contribute significantly to entailment class.
Appears in Collections:Dept of Electronic and Electrical Engineering Research Papers

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