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|Title:||4D printing - Revolution or fad?|
|Keywords:||Additive Manufacturing;4D Printing;Rapid Prototyping;Modular Automation;Design for Assembly|
|Citation:||Assembly Automation, 2014, 34 (2), pp. 123 - 127|
|Abstract:||Purpose - This feature article aims to review state-of-the-art developments in additive manufacture, in particular, 4D printing. It discusses what it is, what research has been carried out and maps potential applications and its future impact. Design/methodology/approach - The article first defines additive manufacturing technologies and goes on to describe the state-of-the-art. Following which the paper examines several case studies and maps a trend that shows an emergence of 4D printing. Findings - The case studies highlight a particular specialization within additive manufacture where the use of adaptive, biomimetic composites can be programmed to reshape, or have embedded properties or functionality that transform themselves when subjected to external stimuli. Originality/value - This paper discusses the state-of-the-art of additive manufacture, discussing strategies that can be used to reduce the print process (such as through kinematics); and the use of smart materials where parts adapt themselves in response to the surrounding environment supporting the notion of self-assemblies. Copyright © 2014 Emerald Group Publishing Limited.|
|Appears in Collections:||Dept of Design Research Papers|
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