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Title: Fingers micro-gesture recognition based on holoscopic 3D imaging system
Authors: Liu, Yi
Advisors: Swash, M R
Keywords: Human Computer Interaction;Machine learning;Deep learning;Imaging processing;Fusion
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Brunel University London
Abstract: Micro-gesture recognition has been widely research in recent years, in particular there has been a great focus on 3D micro-gesture recognition which consists of classifying the micro-gesture movements of the fingers for touch-less control applications. Holoscopic 3D imaging system mimics fly’s eye technique to capture true 3D scene which is enrich in both texture and motion information. As a result, holoscopic 3D imaging system shall be a suitable approach for robust recognition application. This PhD research focuses on innovative 3D micro-gesture recognition based on holoscopic 3D system which delivers robust and reliable performance with precision for 3D micro-gestures. Indeed this can be applied to other wide range of applications such as Internet of things (IoT), AR/VR, robotics and other touch-less interaction. Due to lack of holoscopic 3D dataset, a comprehensive 3D micro-gesture dataset (HoMG) includes both holoscopic 3D images and videos is prepared. It is a reasonable size holoscopic 3D dataset which is captured with different camera settings and conditions from 40 participants. Innovative 3D micro-gesture recognition is proposed based on 2D feature extraction methods with basic classification methods, the recognition accuracy can reach around 50.9%. For video-based data, the 3D feature extraction methods are achieved 66.7% recognition accuracy over 50.9% accuracy for micro-gesture images as the initial investigation. HoMG database held a challenge in IEEE International automatic face and gesture 2018, and 4 groups from the international research institutes joined the challenge and contributed many new methods as further development where the proposed method was published. The holoscopic 3D dataset further enrich innovative micro-gesture 3D recognition system is proposed and its performance is evaluated by carrying out like to like comparison with state of the art methods. In addition, a fast and efficient pre-processing algorithm for H3D images to extract the element images. Simplified viewpoint image extraction method are presented. A pre-trained CNN model with the attention mechanics is implemented based on VP image for the predicted probabilities of gesture. The proposed approached is further improved using voting strategy. The proposed approach achieves 87% accuracy, which outperform all existing state of the art methods on the image-based database. Advanced 3D micro-gesture recognition is investigated based on sequence video database, the end-to-end model has been used on effective H3D based micro-gesture recognition system. For front-end network, there are two method of traditional viewpoint image extraction and novel pseudo viewpoint image extraction have been used and evaluated. The pseudo viewpoint (PVP) front-end has been created, which used to deep learning networks understanding the implied 3D information of H3D imaging system. The viewpoint (VP) front-end follows the traditional H3D image method to extract and reconstruct the multi-viewpoint images. Both front-end have been feed in four popular advanced deep networks using for learning and classification. This experiments evaluated the performance of 2D/3D convolutional, mixing 2D and 3D convolutional and LSTM on the HoMG video database, which is beneficial to H3D imaging system using deep learning network. Finally, in order to obtain the high accuracies, the majority voting has been applied for further improve. The final results show that the performance is not only better than the traditional methods, but also superior to the existing deep learning based approaches, which clearly demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
Description: This thesis was submitted for the award of Doctor of Philosophy and was awarded by Brunel University London
Appears in Collections:Electronic and Computer Engineering
Dept of Electronic and Computer Engineering Theses

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