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Title: Latent Thermal Energy Storage Technologies and Applications: A Review
Authors: Jouhara, H
Żabnieńska-Góra, A
Khordehgah, N
Ahmad, D
Lipinski, T
Keywords: Phase change materials;Thermal energy storage;Latent heat storage;Thermochemical energy storage;Classification of PCMs;PCM applications
Issue Date: 17-Jul-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Jouhara, Hussam; Żabnieńska-Góra, Alina; Khordehgah, Navid; Ahmad, Darem; Lipinski, Tom; Latent Thermal Energy Storage Technologies and Applications: A Review, International Journal of Thermofluids, 2020
Abstract: The achievement of European climate energy objectives which are contained in the European Union's (EU) “20-20-20” targets and in the European Commission's (EC) Energy Roadmap 2050 is possible, among other things, through the use of energy storage technologies. The use of thermal energy storage (TES) in the energy system allows to conserving energy, increase the overall efficiency of the systems by eliminating differences between supply and demand for energy. The article presents different methods of thermal energy storage including sensible heat storage, latent heat storage and thermochemical energy storage, focusing mainly on phase change materials (PCMs) as a form of suitable solution for energy utilisation to fill the gap between demand and supply to improve the energy efficiency of a system . PCMs allow the storage of latent thermal energy during phase change at almost stable temperature. The article presents a classification of PCMs according to their chemical nature as organic, inorganic and eutectic and by the phase transition with their advantages and disadvantages. In addition, different methods of improving the effectiveness of the PCM materials such as employing cascaded latent heat thermal energy storage system, encapsulation of PCMs and shape-stabilisation are presented in the paper. Furthermore, the use of PCM materials in buildings, power generation, food industry and automotive applications are presented and the modelling tools for analysing the functionality of PCMs materials are compared and classified.
ISSN: 2666-2027
Other Identifiers: 100039
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Research Papers

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