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Title: A molecular dynamics study of heterogeneous nucleation in generic liquid/substrate systems with positive lattice misfit
Authors: Fan, Z
Men, H
Keywords: Heterogeneous nucleation;Solidification;Lattice misfit;MD simulation
Issue Date: 20-Nov-2020
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Citation: Materials Research Express
Abstract: Nucleation plays a critical role in many natural and technological processes, and nucleation control requires detailed understanding of nucleation process at atomic level. In this study, we investigate the atomistic mechanism of heterogeneous nucleation in generic systems of liquid/substrate with positive lattice misfit (the solid has larger atomic spacing than the substrate) using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. We found that heterogeneous nucleation process in such systems can be best described by a 3-layer nucleation mechanism: formation of the completely ordered first layer with an epitaxial relationship with the top surface of the substrate; formation of vacancies in the second layer to accommodate lattice misfit; and creation of a nearly perfect crystal plane of the solid in the third layer that demarcates the end of nucleation and the start of crystal growth. This 3-layer nucleation process creates a 2D nucleus (a plane of the solid phase), which contrasts with the hemisphere of the solid (a 3D nucleus) in the classical nucleation theory (CNT). It is expected that this 3-layer nucleation mechanism will provide new insight for nucleation control through effective manipulation of the liquid/substrate interface.
ISSN: 2053-1591
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Research Papers

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