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Title: Low-temperature heat transfer mediums for cryogenic applications
Authors: Jouhara, H
Chauhan, A
Guichet, V
Delpech, B
Abdelkarem, MA
Olabi, AG
Trembley, J
Keywords: cryogenic mediums;multiphase flow;heat transfer
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2023
Publisher: Elsevier on behalf of Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
Citation: Jouhara, H. et al. (2023) 'Low-temperature heat transfer mediums for cryogenic applications', Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 148, 104709, pp. 1 - 18. doi: 10.1016/j.jtice.2023.104709.
Abstract: Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Background: Researchers and industrialists have grown interested in cryogenic technologies over the years. Cryogenic heat transfer has enabled new applications due to material properties and behaviour at very low temperatures. This domain is still underdeveloped and unfamiliar in various applications. Methods: This work discusses the recent progress on cryogenic mediums and their respective use in different heat transfer applications. After identifying what is commonly designated as a cryogenic medium, i.e., those with a boiling point below -150 °C, the different characteristics and features of such mediums are critically discussed. Significant findings: Liquid He and N2 were found to be the most used cryogenic mediums, mainly due to the very low temperature attained by liquid He, as the closest to the absolute zero, along with the low cost and high availability of liquid N2. The use of liquid-phase cryogenic in a single-phase state was found to be the most common application method. Two-phase applications of the cryogenic medium are mainly for use in a heat pipe, in which both latent and sensible heat is utilized. Cryogenic mediums are essential for critical and niche applications such as in aerospace, superconductivity, advanced machining and manufacturing methods, and more critically in many healthcare applications and advanced scientific research.
ISSN: 1876-1070
Other Identifiers: ORCID iD: Hussam Jouhara; Bertrand Delpech 0000-0001-7429-8610; Mohammad Ali Abdelkareem
Appears in Collections:Dept of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Research Papers

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