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Title: Pharmaceuticals in the Aquatic Environment: No Answers Yet to the Major Questions
Authors: Sumpter, JP
Johnson, AC
Runnalls, TJ
Keywords: pharmaceuticals;aquatic environment;important questions;multi-stressors;risk ranking
Issue Date: 30-Jun-2022
Publisher: Wiley Periodicals on behalf of SETAC
Citation: Sumpter, J.P., Johnson, A.C. and Runnalls, T.J. (2022) 'Pharmaceuticals in the Aquatic Environment: No Answers Yet to the Major Questions', Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 0 (ahead-of-print), pp. 1 - 6. doi: 10.1002/etc.5421.
Abstract: Copyright © 2022 The Authors. The presence of pharmaceuticals in the environment, especially the aquatic environment, has received a lot of attention in the last 20 plus years. Despite that attention, the two most important questions regarding pharmaceuticals in the environment still cannot be answered. It is not possible to put the threat posed by pharmaceuticals into perspective with the many other threats (stressors) facing aquatic organisms, such as low flows due to over-abstraction of water, inhibited passage of migratory species due to dams and weirs, diseases, algal blooms causing low oxygen levels and releasing toxins, eutrophication, climate change, and so on. Nor is it possible to identify which pharmaceuticals are of concern and which are not. Not only can these key questions not be answered presently, they have received extremely little attention, despite being identified 10 years ago as the two most important questions to answer. That situation must change if resources and expertise are to be effectively used to protect the environment.
Description: Data Availability Statement: Data are not used in this manuscript.
ISSN: 0730-7268
Other Identifiers: ORCID iDs: John P. Sumpter; Andrew C. Johnson Tamsin J. Runnalls
Appears in Collections:Institute of Environment, Health and Societies

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